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One of the most costly items in land development is a creek or stream crossing.  While most of the storm water is channeled through shallow swales or storm sewer pipes, many tracts of land will include a creek or stream. The cost associated with these...

Brrrr….  It’s cold outside.  Though frigid this time of year, in the landscape industry we have to think about cold weather conditions even in the summertime.  Richmond’s climate is a challenge at best, especially the past few years when we have seen winter temperatures plunge...

Some may argue that the use of acronyms when discussing environmental issues is much more efficient. The question is whether it is an effective means of communication?  Recently I received a text message from a client asking me for advice. The message looked similar to...

A Comparison of Conventional Surveying, Photogrammetry, and LIDAR There are different ways that the elevation and horizontal locations of land are measured. When procuring design data it is important to consider factors that will determine which method is better than another. A brief description of each...

A hearty foundation is a path to success No doubt you’ve heard your realtor use the phrase “Location! Location! Location!” But what does a geotechnical engineer have to say? “Foundation! Foundation! Foundation! ” The study and design of foundations is only one component of geotechnical engineering...